UN chief Antonio Guterres went back to invoke the Simla Agreement — which states Kashmir is a bilateral matter — after Imran Khan sought help of the international community in dealing with the Kashmir issue.
After Pakistan PM Imran Khan appealed to the international community to look at the situation in Kashmir, United Nations chief Antonio Guterres has urged the neighbours to exercise “maximum restraint”. The UN chief then invoked the Simla Agreement that states that Kashmir is a bilateral issue.
Guterres called on India and Pakistan “to refrain from taking steps” that could affect the status of Jammu and Kashmir.
Meanwhile, Imran Khan has sought help of the international community to support the cause of Kashmir, saying the global community should try to put an end to Modi government’s use of “greater military force against” the Kashmiris.
“The whole world is waiting to see what happens” to Kashmiris in Kashmir when the curfew is lifted, Imran Khan said on Thursday, hours after Prime Minister Modi’s address to the nation on Thursday evening.
The Kashmir Valley is seeing an unprecedented lockdown with the presence of an additional 46,000 troops that were rushed to the Valley over the decision to strip Jammu and Kashmir of its special status.
Internet and phone connections have been suspended in the state with Section 144 imposed on large parts of the state.
Despite Pakistan’s envoy Maleeha Lodhi’s pleas seeking intervention by the UN, the spokesperson for the Secretary General, Stéphane Dujarric, said in a statement, “The Secretary-General also recalls the 1972 agreement on bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, also known as the Simla Agreement, which states that the final status of Jammu and Kashmir is to be settled by peaceful means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.”
The Secretary General’s office made no reference to any international role and drew attention to the bilateral approach through the ‘1972 Simla Agreement on Bilateral Relations between India and Pakistan’.
While rejecting Pakistan’s proposal for and intervention, Guterres was “concerned over reports of restrictions on Indian-side of Kashmir,” and warned that such actions could “exacerbate the human rights situation in region,” said Guterres’ spokesperson.
In his 40-minute speech, while PM Modi wished Kashmiris for Eid, the Valley continues to face a clampdown.
Reating to PM Modi’s address, Imran Khan tweeted, “Does the BJP govt think by using greater military force against Kashmiris…, it will stop the freedom movement? Chances are it will gain momentum.”
While Pakistan has been approaching the United Nations on all matters related to the state of Jammu and Kashmir, it has also made several violations in Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) by changing the demography of the region and separating Gilgit-Baltistan from PoK.
Also, while the UN asks all parties to exercise constraint, Pakistan has already escalated matters by taking decisions of downgrading the mission, expelling the Indian envoy to Islamabad, suspending bilateral trade and reviewing all bilateral treaties and arrangements beginning with suspension of the peace train, Samjhauta Express and banning Indian films in Pakistan.
Source: India Today