With the rise of Islamic awakening in Egypt, Tunisia, and Libya, the Turks rethink their foreign policy approach. Until recently, Turkey’s approach was based on the view of working with various governments to ease pressure on the Muslim Brotherhood and come closer to the Islamist Sunnis with the revival of the Brotherhood. But Islamic Awakening has given him a great opportunity to start a big game in which he plays the mega role. Because in Egypt, the Brotherhood came to power, and in Libya, the Brotherhood established a strong bond with Fayez al-Sarraj of Libya’s national unity government.
Therefore, Turkey has come to the conclusion that the current state of cooperation with governments has no more beneficial and must immediately establish contact with its main allies, the Brotherhood. Thus, in the wake of the Islamic awakening and the development of Arab revolutions, a revolution arose in relations with the Arab countries of Turkey, and especially North Africa, which extended to Syria.
Libya, which has witnessed unrest and fierce civil war since the fall of Muammar al-Gaddafi, is now ruled by two governments. Apart from Tripoli, which is considered to be the center of the government led by Faisal Seraj, the Khalifa Haftar is heading another government in the east. Soldiers loyal to the Khalifa Haftar, known as the Libyan National Army, have been campaigning for months to capture Tripoli, but they still face the resistance from Fayez al-Sarraj loyalists forces. The Libyan national army, led by the Khalifa Haftar, is being supported by countries such as Russia, Egypt, Jordan, and the United Arab Emirates, claiming to have invaded Tripoli to eliminate “terrorism” and eliminate jihadist groups is. On the other hand, Turkey and Qatar are supporting Libya’s national unity government against Khalifa Haftar’s forces.
In the past, Turkey has signed two agreements with the Government of National Accord (GNA) headed by Fayez al-Sarraj, one on security and military cooperation and the other on maritime borders in the Mediterranean Sea. The agreement on maritime borders could end Turkey’s isolation in the eastern Mediterranean Sea and it will help the country exploit its energy resources in the sea. But the deal has worried Greece and many other countries in the region. The military deal aims to protect Turkey’s only ally in North Africa, which is currently under siege by General Khalifa Haftar’s troops. Turkish officials have announced that the two countries will be able to deploy military and law enforcement troops for training missions to military bases, according to a security agreement and military cooperation between Turkey and Libya. But to deploy troops in war zones, Turkey needs parliament approval, as the authority for the presence of Turkish troops in Syria and Iraq is passed annually in parliament. In this regard, Erdogan said in a speech to the Justice and Development Party (AKP) members: “Since the Libyan government has now invited us, we accept this invitation.” As soon as Parliament opens, we will put the bill on the agenda of Parliament for deployment in Libya.
A few weeks ago, the Turkish government raised the issue of sending troops to Libya, which could be a heavy burden for the Turkish military in light of the apparent Turkish military invasion against Kurdish forces in northern Syria that began about three months ago.