The year 2001 when the US government attacked Afghanistan with the arrogant slogan “fight against terrorism” under the pretext of September 11, 2001 attacks. A costly war either materially or humanely. In the past 17 years, different governments have taken the White House, promised a retreat from Afghanistan, or added to the number of soldiers and talked about close victory.
But right now, exactly when Trump declared the US strategy on Afghanistan in August 2017, he once again said explicitly: instinct tells him to withdraw his troops from Afghanistan, but the presidential considerations, and in other words, the comments of the military commanders, are something else and he has accepted it unwillingly.
But in recent days, the command of the return of half of the US troops from Afghanistan indicates a change in the process and the decision of the Trump based on instinct and contrary to the military advisers. In the strategy, Trump explicitly stated: leaving Iraq was wrong, and he will not repeat this mistake in Afghanistan, but at the current time he set aside the announced policy of the past and talked about the withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan.
This process reflects the inconsistencies and differences among the government and the disruptions in its foreign policy and security decision-making process, and reduces the Trump’s counsel with the security team and advisers. Based on the mentioned strategy, US policy in Afghanistan which was based on a “time-based” approach was supposed to be changed to “conditional” approach and this country would increase its troops in Afghanistan – which also happened – but it is unclear what “conditions” have changed in the current period that the past policy has been abandoned!
The United States intends to blame the region players, Iran, Russia and China for the security problems that have arisen, in the new circumstances, because of the failure to reach the goals of the strategy, and to engage them in the crisis in Afghanistan. For example, the policy of transferring parts of ISIL to Afghanistan for future exploitation is an example of this opportunity and engagement of rivals in its apparent and hidden agenda.
On the other hand, the plans of Erik Prince, the owner of the Military Accreditation Academy –old Block Water- who have repeatedly presented their plans to outsource the Afghan project to the Trump government in the past two years, have tempted Trump to begin a new game in the country.
Now that the Afghan war is practically deadlocked and the United States is not capable of confronting and destroying the Taliban group, it is said that about seven thousand US troops will leave Afghanistan. According to US media, Donald Trump ordered the Pentagon to begin the process of withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan.
Following this order, more than 7,000 US troops are expected to leave Afghanistan. The United States now has more than 14,000 troops in Afghanistan, operating in the context of NATO’s clear mandate to train Afghan security forces and logistic.
Trump, apart from the decision to withdraw half of the American military from Iraq, had previously promised to withdraw his troops from Syria. He recently attributed the departure of US troops to the defeat of ISIL in Syria in a Twitter message saying: “We have defeated ISIL, which was the only reason for our presence in Syria.”
The withdrawal of US troops from Afghanistan seems likely, as the war in Afghanistan has been eroded and stalled, and Americans do not want to continue to fight in a war that they will not exit victorious. The US government has found that they cannot defeat the Taliban.
Of course, the United States will never completely withdraw from this country due to its quandary situation, but will only reduce its forces. It is therefore natural for the United States to strengthen its military bases in Afghanistan.
Apart from this, America’s withdrawal from Afghanistan can be attributed to Trump’s beneficial policy. There is no doubt that the Trump is looking for victory in the next election.
In this regard, the priority and topicality of economic issues in the upcoming elections have led Trump to seek to cut US spending outside the country’s borders or, at least, pretend to be able to rely on the US presidency for four more years. In the last round of the presidential election, Trump called for a US withdrawal from Syria and strongly criticized George W. Bush’s policies for the war in Iraq.