Nakba Day is commemorated on May 15 every year, marking the day after Israel declared its existence in 1948. That year also saw a war between Israel and a coalition of Arab states over the control of Palestine, during which some 700,000 Palestinians were driven out of their homes and hundreds of Palestinian towns and villages were destroyed.
The Balfour Declaration is a general promise by the United Kingdom to establish a “national home for the Jews”, which is the foundation of the Nakba Day. The statement was written in a letter from British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour to Lionel Walter Rothschild, a senior figure in the Jewish community.
This action was taken during the First World War (1918-1914) to establish a United Kingdom-backed Palestinian Authority in the aftermath of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. The regime was created by Allied Forces and was, in fact, a kind of colonialism and occupation.
Although Britain is generally considered responsible for the Balfour Declaration, it is important to note that the publication of such a statement without the consent of other Allied powers in World War One was not possible. In one of the meetings of the British cabinet, in September 1917, cabinet ministers decide to “ask for US president, Wilson’s view before the release of the statement.”
In fact, according to a UK government statement on October 4th of the same year, Arthur Balfour insists Wilson’s approval for “making this movement very important”. France, on the other hand, even announced its support before the publication of the Balfour Declaration.
French diplomat, Jules Cambon, in a letter to the Polish Jewish Nahum Sokolow in May 1917, outlined the views of the French government toward “Jewish colonists in Palestine”: “The Allied Assistance to the Renaissance of the Jewish Nationality In the land that the Israeli people have been expelled for centuries before, it is ultimate justice and endeavoring to compensate for the past.” This letter is said to be the pioneer of the Balfour Declaration.
An increase in the Arab-Jewish conflict led to the British Royal Commission in 1937 to propose the division of Palestine, as well as the creation of an “independent entity” including al-Quds, Bethlehem, and other holy places. Although this proposal was never implemented, it was the basis for the United Nations 1947 resolution on Palestine.
This resolution led to the formation of a Jewish state in Palestine, the annexation of a part that should be an independent Arab state in Palestine to Jordan and the division of al-Quds between Israel and Jordan. Eventually, in 1948, the Israeli government formally declared independence (Nakba day).
It is now almost 70 years since the fifth day of May 1948. The rationale for the Zionist regime has been based on the formula of “the settlement of a nation without a homeland in a land without a nation.” Zionist leaders and Israeli founders have consistently denied the existence of the Palestinian nation, but gradually everyone has realized that this slogan is only one big lie to persuade the international community to agree with the establishment of the Zionist regime.
From this perspective, Jewish scholars and critics of this people have come to the conclusion that Zionism is a historical mistake in the history of the Jews and is based on the principles of racism, colonialism and warfare, and the Jewish community must be separated from it. Criticizing the Zionist thought and questioning the historical and religious documentation of it by the Jews is somehow an intrinsic critique.
The formation of a heterogeneous society composed of different classes without a common language has more than any other factor contributing to the artificiality of the structure of Israel. So far, the provision of physical security has prevented the disintegration of the texture of this regime.
By adopting and continuing its racial discrimination policies, Israel has practically corrupted the social and religious forces in Palestine, and the escalation of the internal contradictions and disagreements of the regime has motivated these forces to suppress the regime in times of crisis.