Yemeni counterparts agreed on Thursday at the end of their United Nations-led peace summit in Sweden, ending the immediate cessation of hostilities in the coastal city of Al Hudaydah and removing armed groups from the city.
Under the agreement, all the Ansarullah and the Saudi-Emirati coalition will withdraw from Al Hudaydah, and the forces that the United Nations has called them “local forces” will be replaced. It is not clear how the leadership of these local forces will be selected, but Ansarullah’s leaders emphasized that the current situation will be maintained to a large extent. “Local authorities in Al Hudaydah will remain the province’s officials in coordination with the United Nations and will have full control over their security issues,” said Mohammed bin Salman, chairman of the Sana’a government in the Swedish talks, “while local security forces Work will continue on ports of the province of Al Hudaydah.
Although observers believe the deal was ambiguous and on paper, waiting for time to see how it operates and showing its results on the ground, but what is clear is the agreement that has recognized Ansarullah in the world.
This is the first time that the Yemeni parties reach an agreement during nearly four years of rape in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.
The agreement came as Saudi Arabia stepped up its aggressive attacks in various parts of Yemen to make the current peace talks in Stockholm fail as a result of past ages. However, the seriousness of the Sana’a delegation made it impossible for the other side to entertain a bilateral agreement.
In the course of the talks that began on Thursday last week, the “incumbent government” of Yemen was always raising irrational clauses, a clear-cut condition for the achievement of the achievements that Saudi invaders during Yemen’s military aggression in its realization ?ave failed. But in any case, the Sana’a delegation, with its stand against the excesses of the other side, provided the ground for the implementation of the recent agreement.
The Yemeni peace talks began in Stockholm between Sweden and Sanaa in Riyadh last week, and the fourth round of talks was held. In the three previous periods, the parties did not succeed in achieving any achievement. “For the first time in the conflict, there is a strong mechanism for examining and implementing the agreement,” said UN Secretary-General Martin Y. Griffiths, who said he was working hard to reach an agreement. The Yemeni side also took positive positions on this agreement.
Ansarullah spokesman said: “What was achieved at the last stage is good and positive. We were flexible and we did a lot of work with the UN. We wish only to stop the war and cancel the siege of our country, and we hope the United Nations will continue to play its role. “Khaled Yamani, the Saudi-backed minister of foreign affairs, welcomed the ceasefire, called it a major step since the start of the war in that country. .
In the same vein, Declan Walsh, in a December 13 report to the NewYork Times, writes: “Although this agreement brings hope for a catastrophic battle, but since past attempts have failed, this fear is among many experts who Maybe this ceasefire will fail. “It’s time for the UN to play a more serious role in this agreement,” said Peter Salisbury, Yemeni expert on the International Crisis Group. There is no excuse for any other international affair, and this fragile moment must be supported. ”
Observers concur that the achievements of the agreement between the Yemeni groups in Sweden for the Ansarullah movement are a political victory, because earlier, the coalition forces of Saudi Arabia and some foreign parties claimed that the members of this popular movement are coups d’etat, but now that the United Nations has been denouncing the Yemeni Ansarullah is an important sign of recognition of the representative of a large part of the Yemeni people who control the strategic areas in this country. Another victory for the Ansarullah movement is the humanitarian problem that the indigenous forces of the city of Al Hudaydah will manage internal security in the city after the withdrawal of the two sides from Al Hudaydah.
According to the UN, at least 6,660 people have been killed in the Yemeni conflict and 10,560 have been injured. Thousands of other civilians have died due to the consequences of the war, including malnutrition, illness and lack of health facilities. The October World Health Organization (2018) warned that about 10,000 new cases of cholera are reported every week in the country. The conditions in Yemen are such that many analysts and experts have warned that this humanitarian crisis could turn into a catastrophe.
International aid teams say that if this war is not over, 12 million people are at risk of hunger and famine. UNICEF says that a Yemeni child every 10 minutes loses his life due to illness.
According to the New York Times, the story of the Khashoggi and the involvement of the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia in his murder increased the pressure on the United States to reduce its support for the Arab coalition in Yemen. Some experts say the United States is unwilling to punish Saudia hardly to let the country leave the United States. Therefore, some analysts consider the end of the war in Yemen to be an indirect punishment for Bonn Muslim, and said that the Crown Prince will pay the price of murder of Khashoggi in Yemen.