NRC Rooted in the History of Assam?

Second and final draft of the National Citizen Register of Assam (NRC) has been released. Of the 3.29 crore people applying to join NRC, 28.8 million people are included in the names and there are no names of 40-41 lakh people.

The Assam Government says that those whose names are not in the register will be given a month’s time to keep their side. Explain that just now the draft has been released, the final list will arrive on December 31, 2018. The first draft of NRC was released on December 31 and January 1, in which there were 1.9 crore people.

It is worth mentioning that after coming to the final draft of NRC, there has been a political spill in Assam and the whole country. The opposition and the ruling party are face to face with each other over this issue.

West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee attacked the BJP government and even said that due to non-involvement of 4 million people in the NRC in Assam, there could be bloodshed and civil war in the country.

Assam is the only state where NRC is being built. What is the NRC? Why is it implemented in Assam only? And why are there disputes about this?

In fact, Assam is the only state in the country, where NRC is being built. Speaking in easy language, the NRC is a process that attempts to find foreigners living illegally in the country. After independence in Assam, for the first time in 1951 the National Register of Citizens was formed.

It is important to know here that when the British split Bengal in 1905, a new province was created in the form of East Bengal and Assam, then Assam was connected to East Bengal. When the partition of the country was formed, it was also fear that it could not be separated from India by connecting with East Pakistan.

Then under the leadership of Gopinath Bordoli, Assam revolt started. Assam was successful in protecting itself. But Sylhet moved to East Pakistan. In 1950, Assam became the state of the country.

This register was prepared after the census of 1951 and it was included in those people of Assam then.

Actually, during the British period, people of Bihar and Bengal used to go to Assam to work in tea gardens and to cultivate land lying vacant, hence a protest of local people lived with outsiders.

In the 50’s, the emergence of outsiders was becoming a political issue. But in the post-independence period, the continuation of the illegal movement of people from Assam in Eastern Pakistan and later Bangladesh in Assam continued. There was a lot of noise, but this issue did not catch any particular thing.

Things became worse when the internal conflict started in East Pakistan, that is, language conflict in Bangladesh. At that time circumstances in East Pakistan became so violent that a large population of both Hindus and Muslims living there turned to India.

It is believed that in 1971, when Pakistani army launched a repressive action in East Pakistan, about one million people took refuge in Assam crossing the Bangladesh border. However at that time the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi had said that whichever religion the refugees belonged to, they would have to go back.